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Cancer Treatments


Breast malignancy is the uncontrolled development of cells in the tissues of the Breast. This uncontrolled development of Breast cells may happen in any piece of the Breasts. It can either be favorable or threatening. Benevolent tumors go gradually and don't attack different cells and tissues. A threatening tumor can spread to different pieces of the body whenever left untreated and unchecked.Breast disease can be of various sorts, contingent upon the specific territory of the Breast where the uncontrolled development of cells has occurred. Following are the rundown of Common Breast malignant growth types.

What are the kinds of Breast disease?

  • Ductal Carcinoma in Situ (DCIS)
  • Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) is non-obtrusive Breast malignancy.
  • It begins inside the milk channels and it hasn't spread to any ordinary encompassing tissues.
  • In spite of the fact that DCIS isn't dangerous, it expands the danger of obtrusive Breast malignant growth.
  • Obtrusive Lobular Carcinoma (ILC)
    In Invasive Lobular Carcinoma (ILC), malignancy gets through the mass of the milk-delivering lobule and starts to attack the tissues of the Breast.
  • Lobular Carcinoma In Situ (LCIS)
    Lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS) is alluded to when the irregular cells begin filling in the milk-delivering lobules and don't spread to encompassing tissues. It builds an individual's danger of creating obtrusive Breast malignant growth later on throughout everyday life.
  • Intrusive Ductal Carcinoma (IDC)
    Intrusive ductal carcinoma (IDC) is an extremely normal kind of Breast malignancy, about 80% of Breast tumors are IDC. In this kind, malignant growth gets through the mass of the milk channel and starts spreading to the encompassing Breast tissues. It can spread to the lymph hubs, if not treated on schedule. There are 5 sorts of IDCs as follows: a). Cylindrical - The tumor is comprised of cylinder formed constructions called tubules.
    b). Mucinous - The tumor is a delicate, beefy mass that takes after the medulla.
    c). Papillary - The tumor is comprised of cells that skim in pools of mucin which is a vital fixing in bodily fluid.
    d).Cribriform - The tumor has an all around characterized line and is comprised of little, finger-like projections.
    e). Medullary - The tumor has particular openings in the middle of the disease cells which make it appear as though Swiss cheddar. In ICC the cells look and act like ordinary, sound Breast cells.
    f). Incendiary Breast disease
    g).Incendiary Breast malignancy is an uncommon and forceful infection where lymph vessels in the skin of the Breast are impeded by disease cells. In this kind, the Breasts regularly look swollen and red or kindled. Fiery Breast malignancy will in general develop quickly, frequently surprisingly fast or months.

What are the indications of Breast malignant growth?

On the off chance that a lady sees any of the indications of Breast malignant growth, at that point she is conceivably experiencing the sickness. Not all side effects are consistently noticeable to the patients, and this is the motivation behind why Breast malignant growth screening and conclusion is significant. The individuals who can bear to screen ought to choose it at regular intervals to watch that there are no potential indications of the illness.

There are a couple of manifestations of Breast malignancy and cell variation from the norm that ought to be promptly screened, tried, and analyzed.

Progressed Breast malignancy manifestations:

Agonizing or non-difficult development of knot underarms or in the Breast

Change fit as a fiddle and size of the Breast

Change in shade of the areolas or theBreast skin

Anomalous release from the areolas

What are the reasons for Breast disease?

In excess of 85 percent of Breast malignant growth cases happen on account of some hereditary variation from the norm. The anomaly is acquired in 5 to 10 percent of the cases, while in a vast dominant part the variation from the norm creates because of common mileage of life and with age.
Those whose nearby relatives, for example, sister, maternal grandma, or mother have had a past filled with Breast malignant growth or some other malignancy are more defenseless to getting the sickness. In any case, broad examination has discovered that many Breast malignant growth cases are not credited to hereditary issues. In such cases, the reason is in some cases hormonal.

How to analyze Breast malignancy?

There are a few kinds of tests directed for the finding of Breast malignant growth. A portion of the basic tests incorporate the accompanying:


Mammography (X-beam of the Breast)

Breast Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)

Breast Cancer Biopsy

A Breast Cancer analysis is regularly directed at all multispecialty and disease emergency clinics. The tests, for example, biopsy, mammography, and ultrasound help affirm if the patient is experiencing malignant growth. These tests help affirm the stage and grade of the tumor too.
When the malignancy is affirmed, the specialist may arrange a couple of blood tests and the positron discharge tomography (PET) output to affirm whether the disease is limited to its place of beginning or has spread to different pieces of the body.
In view of the finding made, a reasonable treatment plan is custom fitted as per the necessities of the patients.

Risk Factors

Risk factors of Breast Cancer that you can changed by yourself- As Per Research Paper

  • Not being physically active. Women who are not physically active have a higher risk of getting breast cancer.
  • Being overweight or obese after menopause. Older women who are overweight or obese have a higher risk of getting breast cancer than those at a normal weight.
  • Taking hormones. Some forms of hormone replacement therapy (those that include both estrogen and progesterone) taken during menopause can raise risk for breast cancer when taken for more than five years. Certain oral contraceptives (birth control pills) also have been found to raise breast cancer risk.
  • Reproductive history. Having the first pregnancy after age 30, not breastfeeding, and never having a full-term pregnancy can raise breast cancer risk.
  • Drinking alcohol. Studies show that a woman's risk for breast cancer increases with the more alcohol she drinks.


Treatments Procedure include:

The type of treatment recommended depends on the size and type of the tumor, its growth rate, and the general health of the patient. Treatment options include:

  • Surgery: Surgery can consist of mastectomy or breast conservation therapy (BCT).
    1). Mastectomy is an operation to remove the entire breast, and usually the entire nipple. Often an axillary (armpit) sampling is also done which removes the glands under the arm called axillary nodes. The surgeon may evaluate just one or two nodes (sentinel node/s) or may perform a more extensive axillary dissection to check for disease spread. Mastectomy sometimes requires a hospital stay. A drainage tube is sometimes temporarily left in the surgical cavity after a mastectomy to help prevent fluid accumulation. Women who undergo a mastectomy have the option of breast reconstruction.
    2). BCT surgery (such as lumpectomy, partial mastectomy, segmental mastectomy or quadrantectomy) removes the breast tumor and a margin of surrounding normal tissues. Radiation therapy usually follows lumpectomy to eliminate any microscopic cancer cells in the remaining breast tissue. The purpose of BCT is to give women the same cure rate they would have if they were treated with a mastectomy but to leave the breast intact, with an appearance and texture as close as possible to what they had before treatment. The surgeon may remove some lymph nodes by performing a sentinel lymph node procedure or axillary dissection at the same time as the lumpectomy procedure or later.
  • Radiation therapy: Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays (photons) or a stream of particles. When radiation is used at therapeutic doses (many times those used for x-ray imaging exams) it can destroy abnormal cancer cells in the breasts. Your radiation therapy procedure might include:
    External Beam Therapy (EBT): EBT, also called external radiation therapy, delivers one or more beams of high-energy x-rays to a tumor in the breast. Beams are generated outside the patient (usually by a linear accelerator) and are targeted at the tumor site. These high energy x-rays can deliver their dose to the area of the tumor to destroy the cancer cells and, with careful treatment planning, spare the surrounding normal tissues. No radioactive sources are placed inside the patient's body. See the Safety Page for more information about linear accelerator.
    Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy (IMRT): IMRT is an advanced mode of high-precision radiotherapy that uses computer-controlled linear accelerators to deliver precise radiation doses to a malignant tumor or specific areas within the tumor. IMRT allows for the radiation dose to conform more precisely to the three-dimensional (3-D) shape of the tumor by modulating-or controlling-the intensity of the radiation beam in multiple small volumes. IMRT also allows higher radiation doses to be focused on regions within the tumor while minimizing the dose to surrounding normal critical structures. Treatment is carefully planned by using 3-D computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance (MRI) images of the patient in conjunction with computerized dose calculations to determine the dose intensity pattern that will best conform to the tumor shape. Typically, combinations of multiple intensity-modulated fields coming from different beam directions produce a custom tailored radiation dose that maximizes tumor dose while also minimizing the dose to adjacent normal tissues.
    Brachytherapy: Brachytherapy, also called internal radiation therapy, allows a physician to use a higher total dose of radiation to treat a smaller area and in a shorter time. In breast cancer, brachytherapy is used as radiation therapy to treat the partial breast only. It may be either temporary or permanent, although temporary brachytherapy is the most commonly used form of brachytherapy in breast cancer. Accelerated partial breast irradiation with temporary brachytherapy places a highly radioactive material inside a device with one or more catheters (slender tubes) in or near a tumor for a specific amount of time and then withdraws it. Temporary brachytherapy is administered at a high-dose rate (HDR) for five days twice daily. This is a form of partial breast radiation therapy.
    Intraoperative Radiation Therapy (IORT): IORT is a type of radiation therapy that is delivered during the time of surgery while the tumor cavity is exposed. Select women with early breast cancer may be offered IORT. High doses of radiation therapy are delivered to the surgical bed only. This is a form of partial breast radiation.
    There are certainly advantages and disadvantages with each type of radiation therapy that should be discussed with the radiation oncologist.
  • Chemotherapy: Patients may also undergo chemotherapy if there is a risk that the cancer may have spread outside of the breast to other body organs. Chemotherapy drugs may be taken by pill or by injection and are sometimes used in combination with radiation therapy. In some cases, breast cancer will be treated with chemotherapy before it has been removed by surgery. This is called neoadjuvant chemotherapy. When chemotherapy is used after surgery, it is called adjuvant.
    Sometimes, the tumor may be subjected to genomic testing to help determine how the cancer may behave and to analyze a series of genes in the tumor. This information can help patients make a more informed decision about whether or not they should undergo chemotherapy.
  • Hormone Therapy: Hormone therapy is sometimes offered for patients with ER (estrogen) or PR + (progesterone) disease. Tamoxifen is usually offered for premenopausal women. For postmenopausal women, sometimes, an aromatase inhibitor is offered as a hormone blockade.
  • Targeted Cancer Therapy: Targeted cancer treatments are drugs that are sometimes used in tumors that have genetic changes that make them different from normal cells. Targeted drugs specifically attack cancer cells that have these genetic changes. They may be offered in combination with chemotherapy.

Range of Treatment Cost

Procedure Min Cost
Max Cost
Duration In Hospital
Breast Cancer Treatment - Complete Medical Evaluation 10000₹ /150$ 30000₹ /500$ 4-5 Days
Breast Cancer Treatment - Conservative or Modified Radical Mastectomy 30000₹ /500$ 100000₹ /1400$ Depending upon the treatements
Colon Cancer Treatment - Cryosurgery 100000₹ /1400$ 200000₹ /2800$ Depending upon the treatements
Colon Cancer Treatment - Polypectomy 25000₹ /500$ 170000₹ /2500$ Depending upon the treatements
Ovarian Cancer: Radiation Therapy 50000₹ /700$ 150000₹ /2100$ Depending upon the treatements
Bone marrow Transplant 2000000₹ /27500$ 3500000₹ /48000$ Depending upon the treatements
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